Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2023
|Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
2. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars and have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Any reference in these notes to applicable guidance is meant to refer to the authoritative GAAP as found in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and as amended by the Accounting Standards Updated (“ASUs”) of the FASB. The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Augmedix, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Augmedix Operating Corporation, Augmedix Bangladesh Limited, and Augmedix Solutions Private Limited. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments (which consist primarily of accruals, estimates, and assumptions that impact the financial statements) considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of June 30, 2023 and its results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, cash flows for six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, and stockholders’ equity for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2023. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, presented herein, do not contain the required disclosures under GAAP for annual consolidated financial statements. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2022 has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet as of that date. The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the annual audited consolidated financial statements and related notes as of and for the year ended December 31, 2022 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on April 17, 2023.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The Company’s significant estimates and judgments involve the average period of benefit associated with costs capitalized to obtain a revenue contract, incremental borrowing rate, internal-use software development costs, fair value of warrants issued, and stock-based compensation, including the underlying fair value of the Company’s common stock for grants issued when the Company was a private company. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company views its operations and manages its business in one segment.
Foreign Currency Transactions, Translations and Foreign Operations
The functional currency of the Bangladesh and India subsidiaries are the Bangladeshi Taka and Indian Rupee, respectively. All assets and liabilities denominated in each entity’s functional currency are translated into the United States Dollar using the exchange rate in effect as of the balance sheet dates. Expenses are translated using the weighted average exchange rate for the reporting period. The resulting translation gains and losses are recorded within the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss and as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are recorded within other income (expense) in the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. Transaction gains and losses were $0.3 million gain and $0.1 million gain for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 respectively. Transaction gains and losses were $0.3 million gain and $0.1 million gains for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
Operations outside the United States are subject to risks inherent in operating under different legal systems and various political and economic environments. Among the risks are changes in existing tax laws, possible limitations on foreign investment and income repatriation, government price or foreign exchange controls, and restrictions on currency exchange.
All of the Company’s revenue is generated in the United States and denominated in U.S. dollars.
Concentrations of Credit Risk and Major Customers
Financial instruments at June 30, 2023 and 2022 that potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk consist primarily of cash and accounts receivable.
The Company’s cash is deposited with major financial institutions in the U.S., Bangladesh and India. At times, deposits in financial institutions located in the U.S. may be in excess of the amount of insurance provided on such deposits by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). Cash deposits at foreign financial institutions are not insured by government agencies of Bangladesh and India. To date, the Company has not experienced any losses on its cash deposits. The Company keeps a majority of its cash in quoted and highly-liquid money market funds.
The Company’s accounts receivable are derived from revenue from customers located in the U.S. Major customers are defined as those generating revenue in excess of 10% of the Company’s annual revenue. The Company had three major customers during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023. Revenues from these major customers accounted for 20%, 14% and 12% of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 19%, 14% and 12% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2023. The Company had three major customers during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022. Revenues from these major customers accounted for 18%, 17% and 12% of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 19%, 17% and 12% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Four customers account for 10% or more of the accounts receivable, with balances of $2.5 million, $1.2 million, $1.2 million and $1.2 million at June 30, 2023. Two customers account for 10% or more of the accounts receivable, with balances of $1.4 million and $0.7 million at December 31, 2022.
Restricted cash represents amounts held on deposit at a commercial bank used to secure the Company’s credit card facility balances, to collateralize a letter of credit in the name of the Company’s landlord pursuant to a certain operating lease and for a post-employment savings fund established for the benefit of eligible Bangladesh employees. The following table provides a reconciliation of the components of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets to the total of the amount presented in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets held and used is measured by comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets, less costs to sell. The Company did not record any expense related to asset impairment in the six months ended June 30, 2023 or 2022.
ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, outlines a single comprehensive model to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The core principle, involving a five-step process, of the revenue model is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.
The Company derives its revenue through a stand-ready recurring subscription model. The Company enters into contracts or agreements with its customers with a general initial term of one year. Customers are invoiced in advance and generally pay an upfront implementation fee. The upfront implementation fee is deferred and recognized over the period the customer benefits and customer prepayments are deferred and included in the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated balance sheets in deferred revenues. Revenues are recognized over time as the professional services are provided to the Company’s customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those services. The customer receives the benefit of our stand-ready scribing services as we perform them.
As permitted under the practical expedient available under ASU 2014-09, the Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less, (ii) contracts with variable consideration that is allocated entirely to unsatisfied performance obligations or to a wholly unsatisfied promise accounted for under the series guidance, and (iii) contracts for which the Company recognizes revenue for the amount at which the Company has the right to invoice for services performed.
The Company’s revenues are earned from customers located only in the U.S. After the initial term, contracts are cancellable by the customer at their discretion typically with a 90 day notice.
The Company determines revenue recognition through the following steps:
Except for two U.S. state sales tax jurisdictions, applicable taxes, including local, sales, value added tax, etc., are the responsibility of the customer to self-assess and remit to proper tax authorities. Revenue is recognized net of any sales taxes.
Costs Capitalized to Obtain Revenue Contracts
Sales commissions earned by the Company’s sales force are considered incremental and recoverable costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. Sales commissions for new revenue contracts are capitalized and then amortized on a systematic basis over an estimated period of benefit that the Company determined to be between the range of 12 to 24 months. The period of benefit was determined by taking into consideration the Company’s customer contracts, technology, customer life, and other relevant factors. The Company periodically evaluates whether there have been any changes in its business, market conditions, or other events which would indicate that its amortization period should be changed, or if there are potential indicators of impairment. The current portion of capitalized sales commissions are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and the non-current portion is included in deposits and other assets on the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated balance sheets. Amortization expense is included in sales and marketing expenses on the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
Internal-use software development costs
The Company capitalizes certain qualifying costs incurred during the application development stage in connection with the development of its internal use software. Costs related to preliminary project activities and post-implementation activities are expensed in research and development (“R&D”) as incurred. R&D expenses consist primarily of employee-related costs, software-related costs, allocated overhead, and costs of outside services used to supplement our internal staff.
Internal-use software costs of $0.2 million were capitalized in the three months ended June 30, 2023. All capitalized costs are related to costs incurred during the application development stage of software development for the Company’s platform to which subscriptions will be sold once the software is ready for its intended use.
Capitalized internal-use software costs are included within property and equipment, net, on the condensed consolidated balance sheets, and are amortized over the estimated useful life of the software, which is typically three years. The related amortization expense is recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss within the function that receives the benefit of the developed software. The Company will begin to amortize the capitalized internal-use software costs once the product is ready for its intended use and goes into general commercial release.
Deferred revenue represents an obligation to render services for which the Company has received consideration, or for which an amount of consideration is due from the customer and the Company has an unconditional right to payment under a non-cancellable contract.
Changes in the deferred revenue account were as follows:
The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all stock options awarded to employees and nonemployees based on the estimated fair value of the award on the grant date. The fair value of each option award is estimated using either a Black-Scholes option-pricing model or a Monte Carlo simulation, to the extent market conditions exist. The Company recognizes compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period of the award. The Company accounts for forfeitures of stock options as they occur.
Estimating the fair market value of options requires the input of subjective assumptions, including the estimated fair value of the Company’s common stock, the expected life of the options, stock price volatility, the risk-free interest rate, expected dividends, and the probability of satisfying the market condition for market-condition based awards. The assumptions used in the valuation models represent management’s best estimates and involve a number of variables, uncertainties and assumptions and the application of management’s judgment, as they are inherently subjective.
All advertising costs are expensed as incurred and included in sales and marketing expenses. Advertising expenses incurred by the Company were $0.2 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $0.4 million and $0.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
Net Loss Per Share
Basic net loss per share of common stock is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common stock outstanding during each period and pre-funded warrants outstanding because all necessary conditions to convert into common shares were met when those warrants were issued. Diluted net loss per common stock includes the effect, if any, from the potential exercise or conversion of securities, such as options and warrants which would result in the issuance of incremental common stock. In computing basic and diluted net loss per share, the weighted average number of shares is the same for both calculations due to the fact that a net loss existed for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022.
The following potentially dilutive securities have been excluded from the computation of diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding, as they would be anti-dilutive:
Correction of Immaterial Error Related to Prior Periods
In the third quarter of 2022, the Company identified an error related to its accounting for sales commissions whereby the Company should have amortized sales commissions for new revenue contracts over the estimated period of benefit which is between the range of 12 to 24 months.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, sales and marketing expenses were overstated by $0.1 million and overstated by a nominal amount, respectively.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which requires financial assets measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2023, and it did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements upon adoption.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. The goal of the standard is to simplify the complexity associated with applying GAAP for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity. More specifically, the amendments focus on the guidance for convertible instruments and derivative scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard but does not expect it to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements upon adoption.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef