Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|Basis of presentation and summary of significant accounting policies
2. Basis of presentation and summary of significant accounting policies
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars and have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Any reference in these notes to applicable guidance is meant to refer to the authoritative GAAP as found in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and as amended by ASUs of the FASB. The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Augmedix, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Augmedix Operating Corporation, Augmedix Bangladesh Limited and Augmedix Solutions Private Limited. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments (which consist primarily of accruals, estimates and assumptions that impact the financial statements) considered necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of March 31, 2021 and its results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, and convertible preferred stock and stockholders’ (deficit) equity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year ending December 31, 2021. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, presented herein, do not contain the required disclosures under GAAP for annual consolidated financial statements. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet as of that date. The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the annual audited consolidated financial statements and related notes as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10 K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 31, 2021.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The Company’s significant estimates and judgments involve the identification of performance obligations in revenue recognition and the valuation of the warrant liability and stock-based compensation, including the underlying fair value of the preferred and common stock. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete information is available for evaluation by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company views its operations and manages its business in one segment.
Foreign Currency Transactions, Translations and Foreign Operations
The functional currency of the Bangladesh and India subsidiaries are the Bangladeshi Taka and Indian Rupee, respectively. All assets and liabilities denominated in each entity’s functional currency are translated into the United States Dollar using the exchange rate in effect as of the balance sheet dates. Expenses are translated using the weighted average exchange rate for the reporting period. The resulting translation gains and losses are recorded within the unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss and as a separate component of stockholders’ (deficit) equity. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are recorded within other income (expense) in the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. Transaction gains and losses were not material for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
Operations outside the United States are subject to risks inherent in operating under different legal systems and various political and economic environments. Among the risks are changes in existing tax laws, possible limitations on foreign investment and income repatriation, government price or foreign exchange controls, and restrictions on currency exchange.
Concentrations of Credit Risk and Major Customers
Financial instruments at March 31, 2021 and 2020 that potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk consist primarily of cash and accounts receivable.
The Company’s cash is deposited with major financial institutions in the U.S., Bangladesh and India. At times, deposits in financial institutions located in the U.S. may be in excess of the amount of insurance provided on such deposits by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Cash deposits at foreign financial institutions are not insured by government agencies of Bangladesh and India. To date, the Company has not experienced any losses on its cash deposits.
The Company’s accounts receivable are derived from revenue earned from customers located in the U.S. Major customers are defined as those generating revenue in excess of 10% of the Company’s annual revenue. The Company had three major customers during each of the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. Revenues from the major customers accounted for 28%, 22% and 10% of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 29%, 18% and 10% of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Accounts receivable from these three customers totaled $2,462,951 and $1,037,125 at March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Restricted cash represents amounts held on deposit at a commercial bank used to secure the Company’s credit card facility balances and to collateralize a letter of credit in the name of the Company’s landlord pursuant to a certain operating lease. The following table provides a reconciliation of the components of cash and restricted cash reported in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets to the total of the amount presented in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets held and used is measured by comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets, less costs to sell. The Company did not record any expense related to asset impairment in 2021 or 2020.
ASC Topic 606 outlines a single comprehensive model to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The core principle, involving a five-step process, of the revenue model is that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.
The Company derives its revenue through a recurring subscription model. The Company enters into contracts or agreements with its customers with a general initial term of one year. Customers are invoiced in advance and must generally pay an upfront implementation fee. The upfront implementation fee is deferred and recognized over the initial term of the contract and customer prepayments are deferred and included in the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated balance sheets in deferred revenues. Revenues are recognized when the professional services are provided to the Company’s customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those services. The Company’s revenues are earned from customers primarily located in the U.S. After the initial term, contracts are cancellable by the customer at their discretion with a 90 day notice.
The Company determines revenue recognition through the following steps:
Except for two U.S. state sales tax jurisdictions, applicable taxes, including local, sales, value added tax, etc., are the responsibility of the customer to self-assess and remit to proper tax authorities. Revenue is recognized net of any sales taxes.
The Company also generates revenue from data service projects, which includes discrete projects to complete certain tasks or provide other services to customers. These services represent separate performance obligations which are recognized as revenue as the services are performed.
Contract Balances and Accounts Receivable
Changes in the contract liability deferred revenue account were as follows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and year ended December 31, 2020:
Accounts receivable, net from customers was $3,880,494 and $2,692,540 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
Deferred revenue consists of billings or payments received in advance of revenue recognized for the Company’s services, as described above, and is recognized as revenue as earned. As of March 31, 2021, the Company expects to recognize $5,374,568 from remaining performance obligations over the next 12 months.
The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all stock options awarded to employees and nonemployees based on the estimated fair value of the award on the grant date. The fair value of each option award is estimated using either a Black-Scholes option-pricing model or a Monte Carlo simulation, to the extent market conditions exist. The Company recognizes compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period of the award. The Company accounts for forfeitures of stock options as they occur.
Estimating the fair market value of options requires the input of subjective assumptions, including the estimated fair value of the Company’s common stock, the expected life of the options, stock price volatility, the risk-free interest rate, expected dividends, and the probability of satisfying the market condition for market-condition based awards. The assumptions used in the valuation models represent management’s best estimates and involve a number of variables, uncertainties and assumptions and the application of management’s judgment, as they are inherently subjective.
All advertising costs are expensed as incurred and included in sales and marketing expenses. Advertising expenses incurred by the Company were $163,771 and $24,075 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Net Loss Per Share
Basic net loss per share of common stock is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common stock outstanding during each period. Diluted net loss per common stock includes the effect, if any, from the potential exercise or conversion of securities, such as options and warrants which would result in the issuance of incremental common stock. In computing basic and diluted net loss per share, the weighted average number of shares is the same for both calculations due to the fact that a net loss existed for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
The following potentially dilutive securities have been excluded from the computation of diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding, as they would be anti-dilutive:
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASC Topic 842, Leases, (“Topic 842”). This standard requires all entities that lease assets with terms of more than 12 months to capitalize the assets and related liabilities on the balance sheet. In June 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-05, which amended the effective date of Topic 842 until January 1, 2022. Upon adoption, the standard requires the use of a modified retrospective transition approach for its adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the effect Topic 842 will have on its unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. Management expects the assets leased under operating leases, similar to the leases disclosed in Note 10 to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, will be capitalized together with the related lease obligations on the condensed consolidated balance sheet upon the adoption of Topic 842.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU Update No. 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. The goal of the ASU is to simplify the complexity associated with applying GAAP for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity. More specifically, the amendments focus on the guidance for convertible instruments and derivative scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adoption to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which requires financial assets measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and the Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard but does not expect it to have a material impact on its unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements upon adoption.